There have been many large initial public offerings (IPOs) around the world, with some of the largest ones in terms of market capitalization including:
1. Saudi Aramco ($25.6B) – 2019
Saudi Aramco is the national oil company of Saudi Arabia and is one of the largest oil and gas companies in the world. It is headquartered in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia and is a state-owned enterprise controlled by the government of Saudi Arabia. The company is responsible for the exploration, development, and production of oil and natural gas in Saudi Arabia, as well as for the transportation, storage, and marketing of these resources. It also plays a major role in the petrochemical industry in the country and is involved in a range of other businesses, including refining, marketing, and distribution of petroleum products. Saudi Aramco is a major supplier of oil to countries around the world and is a key player in the global oil and gas industry.
2. Alibaba Group ($21.8B) – 2014
Alibaba Group is a Chinese multinational conglomerate holding company specializing in e-commerce, retail, Internet, and technology. It was founded in 1999 by Jack Ma and is headquartered in Hangzhou, China.
Alibaba Group’s main business is the Alibaba.com platform, a business-to-business (B2B) e-commerce website that connects Chinese manufacturers with buyers around the world. The company also operates other e-commerce platforms, such as Taobao and Tmall, which are geared towards consumers in China. In addition to e-commerce, Alibaba Group is involved in a wide range of businesses, including cloud computing, digital media, and entertainment, and has made significant investments in companies such as Uber and Lazada.
Alibaba Group has become one of the largest and most successful companies in the world, and it has a significant impact on the global economy. It is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and has a market capitalization of over $700 billion.
3. SoftBank Group Corp ($21.4B) – 2018
SoftBank Group Corp. is a multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. It was founded in 1981 by Masayoshi Son and has a diverse range of holdings, including investments in technology, telecommunications, and internet companies.
One of the main businesses of SoftBank Group is SoftBank Corp., a telecommunications and internet company that provides mobile phones, broadband, and other internet-related services in Japan. SoftBank Corp. also operates a number of subsidiaries, including SoftBank Mobile, a mobile phone service provider, and SoftBank BB, a broadband internet service provider.
In addition to its telecommunications and internet businesses, SoftBank Group is involved in a wide range of other industries, including finance, energy, and e-commerce. It has made significant investments in companies such as Alibaba Group, Yahoo Japan, and Sprint, and it has a portfolio of over 1,000 companies. SoftBank Group is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and has a market capitalization of over $100 billion.
4. NTT Group ($18.1B) – 1998
NTT Group, also known as Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation, is a Japanese telecommunications company that provides a wide range of telecommunications and information technology services. It is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan and is one of the largest telecommunications companies in the world.
NTT Group was founded in 1952 and is a government-owned corporation. It operates a number of subsidiaries and affiliates, including NTT Communications, which provides international and domestic telecommunications services, and NTT Data, which offers a range of information technology services.
NTT Group provides a variety of telecommunications services, including fixed-line and mobile phone services, broadband internet, and data centre services. It also has a presence in the media and entertainment industry, and it operates a number of research and development centres around the world. NTT Group is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and has a market capitalization of over $30 billion.
5. Visa Inc. ($17.9B) – 2008
Visa is a global payments technology company that operates a network of electronic payment systems and processes transactions for consumers, merchants, and financial institutions. It was founded in 1958 as the BankAmericard credit card program and is now headquartered in Foster City, California.
Visa’s main business is its payment network, which enables the processing of electronic payments, including credit and debit card transactions, between merchants and financial institutions. The company also offers a range of products and services for consumers, merchants, and financial institutions, including fraud protection, data analytics, and payment processing solutions.
Visa operates in more than 200 countries and territories around the world and has a strong presence in both developed and emerging markets. It is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and has a market capitalization of over $600 billion.
6. AIA Group Limited ($17.8B) – 2010
AIA Group Limited is a multinational life insurance company headquartered in Hong Kong. It is one of the largest life insurance companies in the world and has a presence in 18 markets across the Asia-Pacific region.
AIA Group was founded in 1919 as the American International Assurance Company and has a long history in the insurance industry. It offers a range of life insurance, health insurance, and wealth management products and services to individual and corporate customers.
In addition to its insurance businesses, AIA Group has a number of subsidiaries and affiliates that are involved in other areas of the financial services industry, including asset management, pension fund management, and employee benefits. AIA Group is listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange and has a market capitalization of over $70 billion.
8. Enel Group ($16.5B) – 1999
Enel Group is an Italian multinational energy company that is active in the generation, distribution, and sale of electricity and gas. It is headquartered in Rome, Italy and is one of the largest electricity utilities in Europe.
Enel Group was founded in 1962 as the National Electricity Company and was later privatized in 1999. It operates a number of subsidiaries and affiliates that are involved in different aspects of the energy industry, including power generation, transmission and distribution, and trading.
Enel Group has a diverse portfolio of energy assets, including hydroelectric, thermal, renewable, and nuclear power plants, as well as a large network of electricity and gas distribution networks. It serves customers in more than 30 countries around the world and has a strong presence in Europe, Latin America, and the United States. Enel Group is listed on the Italian Stock Exchange and has a market capitalization of over $50 billion.
9. Meta Platforms Inc., formerly Facebook ($16.0B) – 2012
Meta Platforms Inc. formerly named Facebook Inc. is a social media and technology company that operates a popular online social networking platform. It was founded in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg, Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes, and is headquartered in Menlo Park, California.
In addition to its core social networking platform, Facebook also operates a number of other products and services, including the Facebook Messenger app, Instagram, and WhatsApp. The company has a significant presence in the technology and media industries and has a market capitalization of over $900 billion.
These are just a few examples of some of the largest IPOs in the world. There have been many other large IPOs in various industries and countries over the years.