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5 key takeaways from Berkshire Hathaway’s Annual Shareholders Meeting (2021)

5 key takeaways from Berkshire Hathaway's Annual Shareholders Meeting (2021)
Photo by Climate Reality Project | Unsplash

At the 2021 annual shareholders meeting of Berkshire Hathaway, Warren Buffett, Charlie Munger, and other notable names delivered some investing takeaways. From discussing the difference between investing and speculation to the dangers of investing in “hot” industries, this article will detail the key highlights and provide some advice for beginners in the stock market.

Investing vs. Speculation

Buffett reminded us that investing and speculation are not the same thing. Investing is putting money into a company for the long term, with the expectation that the investment will grow over time. Speculation is more akin to gambling, where people hope to make a quick buck by taking a risky bet. For instance, buying and selling options on a stock is not investing – it’s pure speculation.

The Dangers of Investing in “Hot” Industries

Buffett discussed the dangers of investing in “hot” industries, such as special purpose acquisition companies (SPACs) and trading apps. SPACs are essentially shell companies in which investors put their money, with the intention of taking an unknown private company public. The danger of this is that SPACs have a limited time to use the capital, usually two years, or the money goes back to the investors. This can lead to poor investment decisions based on the need to act quickly, rather than making sound, long-term investments.

As for trading apps, they have become increasingly popular due to their slick interfaces, gamification, and advertised low costs. However, these apps have attracted a new wave of investors who are more akin to gamblers, hoping to make a quick profit. Buffett warns that this could be the fastest inflow of gamblers that we’ve ever seen, and beginners should be cautious when using these apps.

Identifying Strong Stock Market Companies

Buffett also explained a method for identifying strong stock market companies. He stated that investors should look for companies with “economic moats,” which are factors that make it difficult for competitors to enter the market. These moats can be anything from strong branding to proprietary technology. By identifying companies with strong economic moats, investors can make better long-term investments.

The Current State of the Economy

Finally, Buffett and Munger stated that the current economy is the most interesting movie in economics that they have ever seen. While this may seem like a positive statement, it’s important to note that the movie can have both good and bad parts. The economy has gone through unprecedented changes due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and it’s unclear what the future holds. As such, investors should be cautious and make informed decisions.

Advice for Stock Market Beginners

For those new to the stock market, it’s important to keep in mind that investing is a long-term game. It’s easy to get caught up in the hype and excitement of new trading apps or the latest “hot” industry, but this can lead to poor investment decisions. Instead, take a step back and look at the bigger picture. Identify companies with strong economic moats, and make informed decisions based on your financial goals.

It’s also important to remember that investing takes patience. While it may be tempting to make quick trades or follow the latest trends, this can lead to poor returns. Instead, focus on making long-term investments that will grow over time.

Finally, it’s essential to keep learning. The stock market is a complex and ever-changing entity, and there is always something new to learn. Take the time to read and research, and don’t be afraid to seek advice from professionals or experienced investors.


Warren Buffett’s investing takeaways from the 2021 annual shareholders meeting of Berkshire Hathaway provide valuable insight for both experienced and beginner investors. By understanding the difference between investing and speculation, the dangers of investing in “hot” industries, and the importance of identifying companies with strong economic moats, investors can make better decisions for the long term. Additionally, it’s important to remain patient and focused on long-term growth, rather than succumbing to the temptation of quick trades and trends.

As the economy continues to evolve, it’s crucial for investors to remain cautious and informed, taking the time to research and seek advice as needed. By staying educated and aware of the ever-changing market, investors can position themselves for success in the long term.

Further Reading and Sources:

Intelligent Investor: The Definitive Book on Value Investing by Benjamin Graham

Security Analysis, Seventh Edition (2023): Principles and Techniques by Benjamin Graham and Warren Buffett 

Intelligent Investor: The Definitive Book on Value Investing by Benjamin Graham

Warren Buffett and the Interpretation of Financial Statements: The Search for the Company with a Durable Competitive Advantage

Berkshire Hathaway Letters to Shareholders 1965-2021

Warren Buffett and the Art of Stock Arbitrage: Proven Strategies for Arbitrage and Other Special Investment Situations by Mary Buffett 

Bear Market Investing Strategies: 37 Recession-Proof Ideas to Grow Your Wealth – Including Inverse ETFs, Put Options, Gold & Cryptocurrency

Additional Resources

To keep learning and advancing your career, we highly recommend these additional resources:

A Summary of The Intelligent Investor by Benjamin Graham

Top 5 Takeaways from the Essays of Warren Buffet

Warren Buffett’s Road to Success: How A Paperboy Became A Billionaire Investor

7 Financial Models Used by Investment Bankers

Credit Default Swaps (CDS) Explained in 60 Seconds

Asset Management Explained in 60 Seconds

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