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2008 Financial Crises Explained in 60 Seconds

2008 Financial Crises Explained in 60 Seconds
Source: Unsplash

What Really Happened?

The 2008 financial crisis, also known as the global financial crisis of 2007-2008, was a major event that had a significant impact on the world economy. It originated in the United States and quickly spread to other countries, leaving behind a trail of financial devastation. In this article, we’ll take a look at the four key factors that contributed to this crisis and how it affected the global economy.

1. Subprime Mortgages:

Subprime refers to below-average creditworthiness. People with poor credit history were given top-notch, prime mortgages, which they eventually could not afford. These loans were packaged into financial securities and sold to investment banks, who invested heavily in them.

2. Housing Market Bubble

With the rise of subprime mortgages, the number of people buying homes increased, causing a surge in house prices and creating a housing market bubble. When this bubble eventually burst, it had a ripple effect on the global economy.

3. Financial Institutions

Investment banks and other large financial institutions were heavily invested in subprime mortgage-backed securities. When people defaulted on their loans and the value of these securities plummeted, the financial institutions faced huge losses and some even faced bankruptcy.

4. Lack of Regulation

The lack of regulation in the financial services industry allowed for these practices to occur without proper oversight. This lack of regulation played a crucial role in the 2008 financial crisis.

The 2008 financial crisis had far-reaching impacts on the global economy. Many financial institutions went bankrupt, some had to be bailed out by governments, and the general public lost faith in the financial system. The crisis resulted in a sharp decrease in economic growth, a rise in unemployment, and a significant drop in the stock market.

The 2008 financial crisis serves as a reminder of the importance of regulation and oversight in the financial services industry. By understanding the root causes of this crisis, we can work towards preventing similar events from happening in the future.


In conclusion, the 2008 financial crisis was a major event that had a profound impact on the global economy. By understanding its root causes, we can work towards a more secure and stable financial system.

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